Ingredients Glossary

Here's a complete list of all of all skoah product ingredients - so you know exactly what gives you your skoah glow-ah.

| a | b | c | d | e | g | h | i | k | l | m | n | o | p | r | s | t | u | x | z | 0-9 |

 

a


acetyl dipeptide-1 cetyl ester

a plant peptide to help calm, soothe, condition your skin and reduce redness. A key ingredient in skoah's calming products.

 

algin (common name brown algae):

act as thickening agents, water-binding agents, and antioxidants

 

allantoin (common name is comfrey root extract):

to soothe your skin and reduce inflammation, also a bacteria inhibitor.

 

alpha olefin sulfonate:

a gentle cleanser, from coconuts, that doesn't dry your skin. A gentle cleanser, from coconuts, that doesn't dry your skin.

 

amidopropyl dimethyl betaine:

a gentle foaming agent derived from the meadowfoam flower.

 

aminopropyl ascorbyl phosphate (common name is vitamin C phosphate):

a very concentrated form of vitamin C that won't break down over time.

 

arctostaphylos uva ursi leaf extract (common name is bearberry):

to improve clarity and an antibacterial.

 

arnica montana flower extract (common name is arnica):

to soothe.

 

avena sativa kernel extract (common name is oat):

to soothe and moisturize.

 

b


benzophenone-3 (common name is oxybenzone):

a sunscreen to protect the product from sunlight.

 

benzophenone-4:

a sunscreen to protect the product from sunlight.

 

beta-alpha hydroxy acid - BHA (common name is salicylic acid):

to exfoliate and a blemish fighter, derived from sweet birch bark tree in Ontario.

 

boswellia serrata gum (common name is frankincense):

to calm, soothe and hydrate.

 

butylene glycol:

derived from root vegetables and is a moisturizing ingredient that conditions the skin

 

butylparaben:

to preserve product and prevent antibacterial growth. Can be used in an extremely low percentage. It cannot penetrate beneath the epidermis and is effective to prevent bacterial growth in products and topically on the skin. The molecules cannot penetrate the skin because its molecular structure is too large.

 

butyrospermum parkii (common name is shea butter):

a natural fat that protects skin from dehydration, restores suppleness and improve the appearance of dry skin.

 

c


calendula officinalis flower extract (common name is calendula):

to soothe and fight free radicals

 

camellia oleifera leaf extract (green tea):

to fight free radicals.

 

caprylic/capric triglyceride:

a coconut ester that looks and feels like an oil but is not a true oil. Esters are naturally occurring in our skin. It is a very effective moisturizing ingredient and penetrates quickly.

 

caprylyl glycol:

a key ingredient in the pimple/acne products. Also a skin conditioner.

 

carbomer:

a water-soluble gelling agent that ensures product ingredients don't separate. Common in gel-like formulas.

 

carbopol 940 (common name is emulsifier):

to ensure product doesn't feel 'runny'.

 

cetrimonium chloride:

an antiseptic ingredient to prevent micro-organism, dirt and oil from contaminating your skin. In hair care products, this is an effective anti-static.

 

cetyl esters:

a skin conditioning agent and emollient.

 

cetyl palmitate:

a fatty acid (vegetable-based) to keep a product water resistant.

 

cetyl/cetearyl alcohol:

a fatty alcohol used as an emollient, emulsifier, thickener, and carrying agent for other ingredients. It is non-irritating and is skin softener.

 

charcoal powder:

natural detoxifier that draws out impurities and toxins in the skin, brightening properties.

 

chrysin:

a key ingredient in eye kandy to reduce under eye circles and darkness.

 

citric acid:

extract derived from citrus fruits and used primarily in small amounts to adjust the pH of products to prevent them from being too alkaline.

 

cocamidopropyl betaine:

a gentle cleanser that won't dry or strip the skin.

 

coco betaine:

a gentle cleanser, derived from coconuts, non-drying.

 

crosspolymer:

to give a silky feel, and a gelling agent.

 

cyclomethicone:

a silica (from sand) to give a moist feel and leave skin silky. Silicas can be used to heal wounds and improve the appearance of scars.

 

d


denatured alcohol A (common name is Specially denatured alcohol A):

used to dissolve difficult ingredients, i.e. salicylic acid in kick it kream.

 

diazolidinyl urea:

a non-irritating antibacterial/preservative.

 

dimethicone (common name is PEG-8 dimethicone):

a silica (from sand) to protect skin's moisture barrier by locking in moisture, leaves a silky feel. Silicas feel like silk on your skin and hold up well when skin becomes wet. Silicas can be used to heal wounds and improve the appearance of scars.

 

dipeptide-2:

to moisturize and condition the skin.

 

disodium lauriminodipropionate tocopheryl phosphate (common name is vitamin E phosphate):

calms redness, phosphates are the most concentrated form and therefore don't break down over time.

 

e


echinacea purpurea (common name is echinacea):

antibacterial, anti-inflammatory.

 

emulsifying wax nf (non-food):

vegetable-based, prevents product from separation.

 

ethoxylated fatty esters (common name is emulsifier):

to prevent ingredients from separating and compromising product consistency.

 

ethylhexyl methoxycinnamate:

a sunscreen, to prevent UVA/UVB absorption. Known for its low potential to sensitize skin or act as a photo-allergen.

 

ethylhexyl palmitate-tribehenin-sorbitan isostearate-palmitoyl oligopeptide (common name is skoah’s plant polypeptide blend)

 

ethylhexyl salicylate:

used in sunscreens and cosmetics to absorb UVB rays from the sun.

 

ethylhexylglycerin:

a synthetic skin-softening agent also used as a preservative, a carrier, or suspending agent for other preservatives such as phenoxyethanol.

 

g


ginkgo biloba extract (common name is ginkgo):

to soothe and fight free radicals.

 

glycerin nordihydroguaiaretic acid (common name is oleanolic acid):

part of the pimple/acne product ingredient group: takes down redness and inflammation.

 

glycerin:

derived from vegetable sources, it is a humectant, meaning it pulls moisture from the air, and an emollient, to moisturize the skin.

 

glycerol monostearate:

to lubricate your skin and prevent separation of ingredients, is also found in ice cream.

 

glyceryl stearate:

an emulsifying agent to prevent ingredients from separation, also a skin conditioner.

 

glycolic acid (common name is alpha hydroxy acid - AHA):

derived from apples and grapes, to exfoliate.

 

h


hedera helix extract (common name is ivy):

to soothe and fight bacteria, firming.

 

hesperidin methyl chalcone:

a citrus bioflavonoid help reduce the appearance of under eye circles and darkness by decreasing capillary size.

 

homosalate:

an organic compound which acts as an sunscreen. it is an ester formed from salicylic acid.

 

hydrogenated polyisobutene (polysilane, common name is highly refined olive oil):

won't clog pores, and mimics skin's natural oils.

 

hydrolyzed glycosaminoglycans:

derived from sugar in corn, to hydrate and firm the skin, helps rebuild cells, is found naturally in healthy skin to cushion and lubricate.

 

hydroxyethylcellulose:

part of the kalm down products ingredient group, to emulsify and thicken the product so ingredients don't separate, from vegetable starch.

 

hydroxysuccinimide:

diminish the appearance of dark circles.

 

hypericum perforatum extract (common name is St. John's wort):

to fight free radicals

 

i


iodopropynyl butylcarbamate:

synthetic preservative that is typically used in concentrations of 0.1% or less.

 

isobutylparaben:

to preserve product and prevent antibacterial growth. Can be used in low percentages. It cannot penetrate beneath the epidermis and is effective to prevent bacterial growth in your product and topically on the skin. The molecular cannot penetrate your skin because they are too large.

 

isopropyl myristate:

used as an emollient in creams and lotions, isopropyl myristate ensures deep, quick penetration due to ease of absorption by skin.

 

isopropylparaben:

to preserve product and prevent antibacterial growth. Can be used in low percentages. It cannot penetrate beneath the epidermis and is effective to prevent bacterial growth in your product and topically on the skin. The molecular cannot penetrate your skin because they are too large.

 

k


kaolin:

naturally occurring clay mineral (silicate of aluminum) used in cosmetics for its absorbent properties. Kaolin’s absorbent properties make it a popular ingredient in masks for oily skin.

 

l


l-ascorbic acid (common name is vitamin C):

an antioxidant.

 

lanolin:

to lock moisture in, a natural oil to protect skin and lips. Derived from sheep's wool.

 

laureth-3:

part of the kalm down product ingredient group: emulsifies product so it does not separate and become ineffective.

 

luffa cylindrica (seed) oil (common name is Chinese gourd seed):

replenishes skin's natural lipid levels.

 

m


malic acid:

a very gentle exfoliator, derived from apples.

 

mangifera indica seed butter (common name is mango seed butter):

derived from mango, used to hydrate your skin.

 

meadowfoam amidopropyl betaine (common name is meadowfoamate):

to soften the skin and hair, from the meadowfoam flower from the Pacific Northwest, also prevents the alpha hydroxy acids from breaking down.

 

mentha piperita (common name is peppermint) oil:

stimulates circulation.

 

methylisothiazolinone, phenethyl alcohol, PPG-2-methyl ether:

to preserve product and prevent antibacterial growth. Can be used in low percentage. it cannot penetrate beneath the epidermis and is effective to prevent bacterial growth in your product and topically on the skin. The molecules cannot penetrate your skin because they are too large.

 

methylparaben:

to preserve product and prevent antibacterial growth. Can be used in low percentage. it cannot penetrate beneath the epidermis and is effective to prevent bacterial growth in your product and topically on the skin. The molecules cannot penetrate your skin because they are too large.

 

mimosa tenuiflora bark extract (common name is mimosa):

to soothe, and fight free radicals.

 

n


n-prolyl palmitoyl tripeptide-56 acetate:

supports the reduction of vertical lines (frown lines, marionette lines, nasogenian fold) as well as crow's feet

 

nordihydroguaiaretic acid:

derived from plants and known to have anticancer properties, may from the skin from sun damage and a powerful antioxidant.

 

o


octyldodecanol:

a synthetic ingredient used as a texture enhancer in moisturizers and lip products due to its lubricating and emollient properties. Also prevents a product from seperating.

 

oryza sativa bran wax (common name is rice bran wax):

locks in moisture to protect, derived from rice oil.

 

oxidize polyethylene (common name is poly-beads):

made with a find micron level, perfectly round and sterile, won't damage skin and will gently exfoliate by polishing away flakes and skin build up.

 

p


palmitoyl oligopeptide (common name is skoah’s plant polypeptide)

 

palmitoyl pentapeptide-4:

creates a response in the dermis of the skin that stimulates collagen fibre production to rebuild the cell network, as well as glycosaminoglycans in the skin.

 

palmitoyl tetrapeptide-3 or 7:

a part of the eye kandy group of ingredients, to reduce puffiness around the eyes.

 

panthenol:

a penetrating moisturizer which absorbs into the skin and hair and is converted into pantothenic acid, a B complex vitamin. Assist skin care products in retaining water and also absorbs water from the air, aiding in skin and hair moisturization.

 

pantothenic acid:

a B-complex vitamin. Assists skin care products in retaining water and also absorbs water from the air, aiding in skin and hair moisturization.

 

papain:

enzyme extracted from papaya often used as a gentle exfoliant

 

peg-100 stearate:

a thickening agent that gives a product it's distinctive form and feel.

 

peg-60 almond glycerides:

part of the pimple/acne product ingredient group: emulsifies ingredients so they don't separate and become ineffective.

 

peg-7/peg-40 hydrogenated castor oil:

emulsifier

 

phenoxyethanol:

preserves the water, prevents bacterial and fungal growth on skin and in product (antibacterial).

 

polysorbate 60:

a type of fatty acid. Fatty acids occur naturally in our skin, but can also be derived from vegetables to help help strengthen our natural fatty acids. They protect the outer layers of our skin from damage

 

polysorbate 80:

a skin softener and and wets the skin, food grade, often used in ice cream, derived from corn.

 

propylene glycol (common name is vegetable glycerin):

to hydrate, from sweet potatoes, carrots, root vegetables. It acts as a humectant by absorbing water from the air. It penetrates the upper layers of the skin well and leaves a nice feel

 

propylene glycol alginate (common name is sea kelp alginate):

to hydrate without heavy feel, oil-free, from the Pacific Ocean.

 

purified aqua (common name is purified water):

filtered 3 times with carbon filters using reverse osmosis and UV light PVM/MA decadiene.

 

pvm/ma decadiene crosspolymer:

synthetic polymer used as a film-forming and thickening agent.

 

r


retinyl palmitate (common name is vitamin A):

known for its antioxidant properties.

 

rosmarinus officinalis leaf extract (common name is rosemary extract):

shine enhancement in shampoos.

 

s


silica (same family:

dimethicone, cyclomethicone, silicone): essentially derived from sand (natural). It provides a stable consistency in the product and gives skin a 'silky feeling'. Some forms can be used to heal wounds and prevent the appearance of scars.

 

sodium C14-16 olefin sulfonate:

a gentle foaming agent from coconuts.

 

sodium citrate:

used primarily to control the pH level of a product, this ingredient also has antioxidant and preservative properties

 

sodium edta:

a stabilizer to make the gelling agents work more effectively. Prevents changes in texture, odor and consistency.

 

sodium hyaluronate (common name is hyaluronic acid, from cucumbers):

it is a powerful humectant as it is capable of binding 1,800 times its own weight in water.

 

sodium hydroxide:

a pH stabilize (to balance the skin's pH).

 

sodium hydroxymethylglycinate:

preservative derived from the naturally occurring amino acid, glycine. It is often used in cosmetics and skin care products as a natural alternative to parabens, although the process used to create Sodium Hydroxymethylglycinate requires synthetic actions.

 

sodium olefin sulfonate:

a surfactant that comes from coconuts. Won't dry or strip the skin of moisture.

 

sodium polyacrylate:

versatile, synthetic polymer used as a film-forming agent, stabilizer, absorbent, thickening agent, and emollient.

 

sorbitan isostearate:

an emulsifying agent and skin conditioner.

 

stearic acid:

a fatty acid from vegetable to emulsify product.

 

t


teprenone:

incredibly soothing and calming and also strengthens the skin. If teprenone is used every day starting at age 26, by age 35 - the skin will appear that of a 30 year old. Teprenone slows down cell DNA break down.

 

tetrasodium edta:

a pH stabilizer.

 

thermus thermophilus ferment:

a deep sea algae that is a powerful antioxidant.

 

thioctic acid (common name is lipoic acid):

anti-aging, antioxidant, fights free radicals (speed up skin metabolism).

 

tilia cordata flower extract (common name is linden):

to soften skin and fight free radicals.

 

titanium dioxide:

a mineral, to calm and soothe the skin.

 

tocopheryl acetate vitamin E tribehenin:

a skin conditioning agent derived from plants.

 

triethanolamine/tea:

a pH balancer synthesized from ethanol usually derived from grain.

 

u


ubiquinone (common name is coenzyme q-10):

an antioxidant that neutralizes free radicals and prevents decrease in collagen and elastics, stimulates circulation, speeds up skin's metabolism (cell renewal) and anti-aging.

 

x


xanthan gum:

necessary to thicken a product and provide the correct consistency. Without it, the product would feel watery or runny.

 

z


zinc oxide:

an earth mineral which calms and soothes the skin, it is completely non-irritating, and can also serve as an antioxidant

 

0-9


1,2 hexanediol:

a synthetic preservative and moisture-binding agent belonging to a class of agents known as higher molecular glycols. It is considered non-sensitizing.